Sonatype Nexus on Amazon EC2

Nexus OSS from Sonatype is a Maven artifact repository server.

We currently use Nexus to store the Maven artifacts of private libs and modified 3rd party open source libraries for the Yoyo App's.

It's also handy as a proxy as we can define proxing routes as know where certain projects are hosted, which alows us to speed up dependency resolution in Maven/Gradle Projects.

Hopefully following steps will help you to install Sonatype Nexus OSS on a EC2 instance on AWS.
We currently use a EC2 micro instance, we have found it's more than enough.

Login into the AWS Management Console and go to EC2

Create a new Security Group called Deployment.
Allow the following inbound services:

22 (SSH)
80 (HTTP)
443 (HTTPS)
8080 (HTTP*)
8081 (Nexus OSS)

Launch a new EC2 instance

  • Amazon Machine Image: Amazon Linux AMI – 64 bit
  • Instance Type: t1.micro (micro should be plenty unless you have GB's of deps)
  • Security Group: Deployment


Download KeyPair into your SSH folder (~/.ssh):

$ ~/.ssh/YOUR_KEY_PAIR.pem.

Then update the access permissions:

chmod 400 ~/.ssh/YOUR_KEY_PAIR.pem

Connect with your favourite SSH tool to your EC2 instance, find the address of your EC2 instance by selecting it in the Management Console (something like

Your cmd will look similar, if using shell/bash/zsh:

ssh -i ~/.ssh/YOUR_KEY_PAIR.pem

Install Nexus

Once connected, download and unzip Nexus OSS.

cd /usr/local
sudo wget
sudo tar -xvzf nexus-latest-bundle.tar.gz
sudo rm nexus-latest-bundle.tar.gz

Create a virtual link to the actual nexus-VERSION folder (replace nexus-2.5.1-01 with your nexus installed version)

sudo ln -s nexus-2.5.1-01/ nexus

Create NEXUS_HOME environment variable.

export NEXUS_HOME=/usr/local/nexus

Create nexus user with restricted permissions.

sudo useradd -m nexus

Change ownership of nexus folder to the nexus user and nexus group.

sudo chown -R nexus:nexus /usr/local/nexus-2.5.1-01/
sudo chown -R nexus:nexus /usr/local/sonatype-work

Edit the nexus executable (necessary for the nexus user and to run nexus as a service).
I’m using the nano editor since it’s already installed on Ubuntu.

sudo nano /usr/local/nexus/bin/nexus

Change the following lines:


CTRL + X then Y, Enter will save the file.

Launch Nexus

Starting Nexus

cd /usr/local/nexus/bin
sudo ./nexus console

If starting fails, make sure you have a vaild JVM installed, e.g. sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre.

Stopping Nexus

cd /usr/local/nexus/bin
sudo ./nexus stop

Start nexus as a service

Copy the nexus starting script to /etc/init.d:

sudo cp /usr/local/nexus/bin/nexus /etc/init.d/nexus

Make the nexus script executable:

sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nexus

Enable the Nexus Service settings, (You may need to install chkconfig, sudo apt-get install chkconfig):

cd /etc/init.d
chkconfig --add nexus
sudo chkconfig --level 345 nexus on

If chkconfig --add fails, link insserv, sudo ln -s /usr/lib/insserv/insserv /sbin/insserv.

Now you nexus should start automatically at each OS startup.

You can still start/stop nexus as a service manually:

sudo service nexus start|stop

Access Nexus web dashboard

Once nexus is running should be able to connect to the Nexus Dashboard using the EC2 address followed by the 8081 port and /nexus path:

Login into Nexus and change the default credentials.

Login using the default credentials:

username: admin password: admin123

Once you are loggedin change your admin password, OR, create a new admin account and delete the default admin credentials using the Security -> Users screen accessible through the menu on the left.

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